Irish Soda Bread Recipe (2024)

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I ate Irish Soda Bread for the first time about 7 years ago. It was this delicious, dense, biscuit-like bread that I slathered with butter and enjoyed with a good cup of coffee.

A friend made Irish Soda Bread for a bake sale fundraiser, and while it was nowhere near St. Patrick’s Day, it sold like hotcakes. When I ate it, I could see why.

It was unlike other breads I had ever eaten before. Almost a bit like cake but also still very much bread. It was also slightly sweet in a light and surprising way.

The reason for its unique texture is due to the lack of yeast. Instead of using yeast to help the bread rise, it uses baking soda. Hence the name Soda Bread.

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So, what exactly is Irish Soda Bread?

Irish Soda Bread is one of the easiest brads to make. It’s a very low maintenance bread, unlike a sour dough. Traditionally, it contained a few simple ingredients that included:

  • Flour
  • Salt
  • Buttermilk
  • Baking soda

That said, I added a few more ingredients in to give the bread more of a rich flavor. Most modern traditional recipes like mine will also include butter, an egg and a bit of sugar.

How does it work without yeast?

I mentioned that the baking soda is used in place of yeast in Irish Soda Bread. But, it is actually a chemical reaction between the baking soda and the buttermilk that produces carbon dioxide and causes the bread to rise.

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Is Irish Soda Bread really Irish?

Well…technically no…but sort of. The first soda bread has been traced to American Indians who used pearl ash to help their breads rise. But then the process was adopted in Ireland in the 1830s and the rest is history.

Ireland was one of the poorer countries at that time and the people didn’t have an abundance of ingredients to work with. Irish Soda Bread was born more out of necessity using the inexpensive ingredients they had on hand at the time.

Why the X in Irish Soda Bread?

The X on Irish Soda Bread is actually a cross. Some legends say that it was to “let the devil out” while baking the bread and other places say it was done to make the bread break apart.

Whatever the reason, the X (or cross) is an important element. It actually helps the bread to cook through. Because the bread is so dense if you don’t cook it to the right temperature it might be a bit undercooked in the center. Making a nice, deep X in the bread allows the heat to get to the center.

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What to eat it with

As I mentioned in the opening, I like to eat Irish Soda Bread with butter and have it as a snack. But, it was traditionally eaten with the Irish soups and stews. It’s really perfect to eat either way. It’s also very delightful with some butter topped with jam too. It turns it into a bit of a breakfast bread. You can find my Guinness Irish Stew {HERE}.

Storing the bread

Since it is a baked good, you’re not going to get a long shelf life out of Irish Soda Bread. It is best to make it and eat it in the same day. However, if you store it in an airtight container then you might be able to get three or four days out of it. You can also freeze it just as you would other baked goods. Here is one good option and here is another one.

More Irish Recipes and food for St. Patrick’s Day

Looking to make a few more Irish goodies or looking for some options for St. Patrick’s Day? Try some of these!

  • Guinness Irish Stew with Braised Beef {HERE}
  • Cottage Pie {HERE}
  • Red Skinned Mashed Potatoes {HERE}
  • Reuben Slider Sandwiches {HERE}
  • Baileys Chocolate Cake {HERE}

Thank you so much for visiting today! I hope you will come back and visit again. Get the full, printable recipe for my Irish Soda Bread recipe below.

For more made-from-scratch recipes, click here.

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This Irish Soda Bread is perfect for a side dish, to eat with soup or just to eat with some butter and jam.

5 from 28 votes

Print Pin Rate

Course: Side Dish, Snack

Cuisine: Irish

Keyword: Irish soda bread, Irish soda bread recipe

Prep Time: 20 minutes

Cooling time: 20 minutes

Total Time: 1 hour 5 minutes

Author: Rachel


Irish Soda Bread Ingredients

  • 4 cups of flour
  • 1 and 1/4 cups buttermilk
  • 4 Tbsp. sugar
  • 1 Tbsp. baking powder
  • 1 tsp. baking soda
  • 1/2 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 cup softened butter (one stick) I use salted butter.
  • 1 egg


  • 1/4 cup salted butter, melted
  • 1/4 cup buttermilk


  • Preheat the oven to 375 degrees.

  • Mix together the dry ingredients: Flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda and salt. Use a whisk to make sure it is well combined.

  • Add in the wet ingredients: buttermilk, butter, egg and use a hand mixer to help combine everything.

  • Turn out the dough on a floured surface and kneed it for about 10 minutes. Dust it with flour as needed. It's done when it is about the consistency of Playdough.

  • Form dough into a loaf and put it on a cookie sheet with parchment paper. The parchment paper is going to be important to keep the bottom of the bread from over cooking.

  • Cut a large X in to the top of the dough. This is very important to help the dough cook through.

  • Add the dough to the oven for 15 minutes.

  • While the bread is cooking, make the glaze by melting butter (microwave or stovetop) over a low flame and let it rest for a few minutes. Continue to mix it on the stove top to keep it from burning.

  • Add the buttermilk to the butter and mix well. Continue to mix occasionally.

  • When the 15 minutes are done, take the bread out of the oven and and brush the glaze over the top of it. Then put it back into the oven for another 15 minutes.

  • When that 15 minutes is done, take the bread out of the oven and glaze it again. Then put it back in the oven for another 15 minutes.

  • When that 15 minutes is up, use a tooth pick and check the middle of your bread. If it comes out clean it is done. If it doesn't, glaze it again and put it back in for a final 10 minutes.

  • When done, let the bread rest for 20 minutes. Then serve with butter, jam or with a stew or soup.

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Irish Soda Bread Recipe (2024)


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